Foot and Ankle Pain

Believe it or not there are many known foot conditions that many people do not know about.  The average person might think they simply have a strain in their ankle or some generic inflammation but foot pain sometimes be a little more tricky that that.

Types of Foot Pain

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is a condition referring to inflammation of the connective tissue layers that runs across the bottom of the foot.

It may cause sharp pain in your heels and arches when walking or standing, especially when you take your first step in the morning.

Heel pain and heel spurs are associated with this diagnosis.

Heel Pain

Heel Pain can be a symptom of a number of problems including what we discussed above, Plantar Fasciitis,

Achilles tendonitis and stress fracture.

Arch Dysfunctions

High Arches (Pes Cavus) refers to condition in which your foot has a very high arch, creating an excessive amount of force/weight on the ball and heel of the foot when walking or standing.

Flat Feet (Pes Planus) or “Fallen Arches” is used to describe a flatfoot condition which can lead to pain and irritation in the foot.

Morton’s Neuroma

Morton’s Neuroma describes a nerve which is pinched/injured in the forefoot (balls of feet). Symptoms include pain and foot numbness that radiates into the toes.

Hallux Valgus

Hallux Valgus or Rigids is a common problem in the big toe where the toe will point in and the joint migrates outward leading to pain or the joint becomes extremely stiff and loses mobility.


Metatarsalgia is a term used to describe impingement of the nerves in the feet causing dull aches or sharp pains through the bottom of the foot and numbness in the toes.

What Can Physical Therapy Do?

The solution to your foot pain depends on the source of your pain and type of injury you may have sustained. The first step is to locate the source of the pain via an assessment with our Physical Therapists.

Physical therapy consists of:

  • Hands-on treatment to loosen muscles and joints
  • Education on proper gait and movement to decrease pain
  • Instruction on stretching and strengthening exercises to restore mobility and strength
  • Modalities such as electrical stimulation, cold/heat and ultrasound.